在ve2x找到了可以保存为mht格式的module —— chilkat:https://www.chilkatsoft.com/python-mht.asp, 发现没有中文教程,哈哈,Google一番:
安装:https://www.chilkatsoft.com/installWinPython.asp
保存使用实例:https://www.example-code.com/python/mht_saveWebPage.asp
详细使用文档:http://www.chilkatsoft.com/refdoc/pythonCkMhtRef.html

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#coding:utf-8
import sys
import chilkat
import requests
import random
import re
import os


def save(URL,title):
mht = chilkat.CkMht()

success = mht.UnlockComponent("Anything for 30-day trial")
if (success != True):
print(mht.lastErrorText())
sys.exit()

success = mht.GetAndSaveMHT(url,title)
if (success != True):
print(mht.lastErrorText())
sys.exit()
else:
print("MHT Created!")


def randHeader():

head_connection = ['Keep-Alive','close']
head_accept = ['text/html, application/xhtml+xml, */*']
head_accept_language = ['zh-CN,fr-FR;q=0.5','en-US,en;q=0.8,zh-Hans-CN;q=0.5,zh-Hans;q=0.3']
head_user_agent = ['Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.3; WOW64; Trident/7.0; rv:11.0) like Gecko',
'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 5.1) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/28.0.1500.95 Safari/537.36',
'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; Trident/7.0; SLCC2; .NET CLR 2.0.50727; .NET CLR 3.5.30729; .NET CLR 3.0.30729; Media Center PC 6.0; .NET4.0C; rv:11.0) like Gecko)',
'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows; U; Windows NT 5.2) Gecko/2008070208 Firefox/3.0.1',
'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows; U; Windows NT 5.1) Gecko/20070309 Firefox/2.0.0.3',
'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows; U; Windows NT 5.1) Gecko/20070803 Firefox/1.5.0.12',
'Opera/9.27 (Windows NT 5.2; U; zh-cn)',
'Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; PPC Mac OS X; U; en) Opera 8.0',
'Opera/8.0 (Macintosh; PPC Mac OS X; U; en)',
'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows; U; Windows NT 5.1; en-US; rv:1.8.1.12) Gecko/20080219 Firefox/2.0.0.12 Navigator/9.0.0.6',
'Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 8.0; Windows NT 6.1; Win64; x64; Trident/4.0)',
'Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 8.0; Windows NT 6.1; Trident/4.0)',
'Mozilla/5.0 (compatible; MSIE 10.0; Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; Trident/6.0; SLCC2; .NET CLR 2.0.50727; .NET CLR 3.5.30729; .NET CLR 3.0.30729; Media Center PC 6.0; InfoPath.2; .NET4.0C; .NET4.0E)',
'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64) AppleWebKit/537.1 (KHTML, like Gecko) Maxthon/4.0.6.2000 Chrome/26.0.1410.43 Safari/537.1 ',
'Mozilla/5.0 (compatible; MSIE 10.0; Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; Trident/6.0; SLCC2; .NET CLR 2.0.50727; .NET CLR 3.5.30729; .NET CLR 3.0.30729; Media Center PC 6.0; InfoPath.2; .NET4.0C; .NET4.0E; QQBrowser/7.3.9825.400)',
'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; rv:21.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/21.0 ',
'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64) AppleWebKit/537.1 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/21.0.1180.92 Safari/537.1 LBBROWSER',
'Mozilla/5.0 (compatible; MSIE 10.0; Windows NT 6.1; WOW64; Trident/6.0; BIDUBrowser 2.x)',
'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64) AppleWebKit/536.11 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/20.0.1132.11 TaoBrowser/3.0 Safari/536.11']


header = {
'Connection': head_connection[0],
'Accept': head_accept[0],
'Accept-Language': head_accept_language[1],
'User-Agent': head_user_agent[random.randrange(0,len(head_user_agent))]
}
return header


if __name__ == '__main__':
urls = open('urls.txt','r').readlines()
for url in urls:
url = url.strip()
print url
html = requests.get(url,headers=randHeader(),timeout=20).content
title_str = re.findall(u"<title>(.*?)-",html)[0].decode("utf-8").encode("utf-8")+".mht"
title_str = title_str.replace("/","-")

title_unicode = title_str.decode("utf-8")
print title_str
# print title_unicode
title_url = url.split("/")[-1]
print title_url
save(url,title_url) # Save content
os.rename(title_url,title_unicode)

小结

  1. 找到可以保存为mht的包 chilkat

  2. 保存为中文路径等中文处理,无论打印还是新建中文的路径都是要用unicode的。

    1
    2
    str_ = "走三音"
    print str_.decode("utf-8")
  3. 此包貌似是不给我直接保存为中文的,我就通过先保存为英文的,再用os.rename()改名成中文标题。

  4. 官方下载的chilkat是收费的,体验30天就就GG了。已经有大牛弄了个破解姿势,很久之前的破解姿势了,不晓得现在还能不能用了。python的mht转换模块chilkat破解

    import win32api
    import win32con
    keypath = 'Software\\Chilkat Software, Inc.'
    key=win32api.RegOpenKey(win32con.HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE,keypath ,0,win32con.KEY_ALL_ACCESS)
    win32api.RegDeleteKey(key,'ChilkatMHT\r\n')